Abstract: Different patterns of military hegemony and different strategies adopted by elected. Continue reading
Abstract: Britain is facing its most challenging foreign policy crisis since the Second World War after voting to. Continue reading
Abstract In the past two years, Europe has witnessed a surge of violence against refugees and asylum seekers.. Continue reading
Absract This paper explores the question of how the Western Balkans have been affected by the crisis. It looks. Continue reading
Abstract The tension in relations between Saudi Arabia and the United States is rooted in the transformation. Continue reading
The downing of the Russian Su-24M bomber on November 24, 2015 led to a shift in relations between Moscow and Ankara.
The main motivation behind the Geneva III talks was to get a deal irrespective of whether this deal was fair and sustainable.
In Syria, as well as over other issues in MENA, the Obama administration no longer has the appetite to support the Arab revolution
The nuclear deal and its ramifications have added new elements of tensions between the Islamic Republic and the Gulf States. The lifting of the sanctions will be a significant addition to Iran’s financial capacity, which is likely to further Iran’s Involvement in Iraq, Syria and Yemen. With King Salman’s new foreign policy approach to the Middle East, more Iranian involvement in the region with the removal of the sanctions is probably going to complicate regional politics between the Iran and the Gulf States and will exasperate the competition for regional and international influence.
The Russian perception of the Arab Spring is one of a geopolitical power play, which explains Russia’s limited interest in Tunisia and Egypt compared to its heavy involvement in Syria. Russia is unlikely to concede to leaving Syria as Syria is the place for Russia to balance the Western powers in the region while simultaneously carving out an influence zone for its own foreign policy. Thus, understanding Russia’s approach to the Arab Uprisings is a key factor in analysing Russian presence in Syria and its regional foreign policy.