Plenary 1 – Session 1 The collapsing regional order and the need for a new security architecture for the MENA region
The failed state phenomenon, terrorism and the emergence of militia forces as the new security and military apparatus in the region
Dictatorship vs. democracy: Are the long-standing crises in the region creating the backing for autocratic regimes?
The role of foreign interventions and foreign involvement in the collapsing security order in the region: direct military operations and indirect involvement (e.g. political, financial and military aid)
What is the role of military alliances and aid in fueling current military conflicts and security dilemmas in the region?
What should be the pillars of the new security architecture?: Economic, military and/or political cooperation?
Parallel Session 1 Determining the actors of the new security architecture
Who are the legitimate state actors?: Questions of the legitimate use of force and state terrorism in defining actors within the new security architecture
Defining legitimate non-state actors:
a) The problems associated with the legalization of non-state militia groups
b) The unlawful characteristics of militias as barriers for legitimization: terrorist acts committed by militia groups across the region
c) What should be the balance between the integration and elimination of militia groups vis a vis the new security architecture?
Defining stateless actors: long-term stateless actors as governing bodies
Parallel Session 2 The role of regional and international multilateral organizations in the new security architecture
What can the Arab League, the OIC, the Maghreb Union, the GCC and the African Union offerthe new security architecture in the region?
What can the UN and other related bodies offer the new security architecture?
Can NATO, OSCE or the EU provide frameworks for the new architecture?
Can multilateral organizations help prevent the use of armed groups as proxy war and foreign policy tools in the region?
Parallel Session 3 The changing nature of conflicts in the region
What are the changing characteristics of war and militarization in the region:
The impact of the demand for a particular type of military equipment and training due to the increasing threat of civil wars, coups and internal conflicts
Porous borders and cross-border military entities
Energy resources as war targets and sources of war funding
Nuclear military capacity in the region: how to ensure nuclear non-proliferation within the new security architecture
How illicit arms trade interests in the region affect current crises and how to bring rules and standards to the arms trade in the region
The role of social media in recruitment for terrorism and disseminating the fear of terrorism
The impact of the use of unmanned devices (drones, UAVs, etc.) in the region
Parallel Session 4 Human rights and the new security architecture
The tragedy of chemical warfare: preventing the use of chemical weapons in regional conflicts
How can we integrate human rights into the new security structure?: The role of international conventions and the need for drafting regional conventions
What can be the mechanisms to enforce human rights in the new security architecture?
How to determine the moral and ethical pillars of the new security architecture in the region?
Where is the line between lawful surveillance and the invasion of the right to privacy?
Final Session – Plenary Session 2 Mapping the new security architecture: the road ahead
Which states, actors and organizations should/could be at the nucleus of the new architecture?
How essential are economic and political cooperation as complementary efforts towards the new security architecture?
What role can international powers take in the new architecture?
What are the ways to end the sectarian divide under this new security framework?
How can we prevent the use of non-state actors as proxy war and foreign policy tools?
How can we create effective counter-terrorism efforts within the new security architecture?: Consolidating counter-terrorism efforts under regional leadership
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